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Chilika Lake: The Jewel of Odisha

Chilika Lake: 

Chilika Lake is the largest brackish-water lagoon in India and the second-largest in the world. It is located in the state of Odisha, on the east coast of India. The lake covers an area of over 1,100 square kilometres and is home to a wide variety of flora and fauna. Chilika Lake is a popular tourist destination and is known for its bird watching, fishing, and boating.

Chilika Lake

What is Chilika Lake?

Chilika Lake is a brackish-water lagoon, which means that it is a mixture of fresh water and seawater. The lake is fed by the Daya River and several other rivers and streams. The seawater enters the lake through a narrow channel called the Chilika Mouth.

Chilika Lake is a shallow lake, with an average depth of just 4 metres. The lake is divided into two main parts: the northern part, which is called the Main Lake, and the southern part, which is called the Chilika Lagoon.

History of Chilika Lake:

Chilika Lake is believed to have been formed about 20,000 years ago when the sea level rose and flooded a low-lying area. The lake has been inhabited by humans for at least 10,000 years. The earliest evidence of human habitation in the area is found in the form of stone tools and pottery shards.

In the 16th century, Chilika Lake was an important trading centre. The Portuguese and Dutch East India Companies established trading posts on the shores of the lake. The lake was also a major source of salt for the region.

Chilika Lake

In the 20th century, Chilika Lake became a popular tourist destination. The lake is home to a wide variety of birds, including flamingos, pelicans, and cormorants. The lake is also a popular fishing spot.

The geology and geography of Chilika Lake:

Chilika Lake is located in the state of Odisha on the east coast of India. The lake is bounded by the Puri district to the north, the Khurda district to the east, and the Ganjam district to the south. The lake is connected to the Bay of Bengal by a narrow channel called the Chilika Mouth.

The lake is surrounded by a fertile plain, which is used for agriculture. The lake is also home to a number of islands, including Honeymoon Island, Breakfast Island, and Kalijai Island.

The climate of Chilika Lake is tropical. The temperature ranges from 20 to 35 degrees Celsius. The monsoon season is from June to September.

Flora and fauna of Chilika Lake:

Chilika Lake is home to a wide variety of flora and fauna. The lake is a major breeding ground for fish, including the Hilsa shad, the Hilsa, and the mullet. The lake is also home to a variety of birds, including flamingos, pelicans, cormorants, and egrets. The lake is also home to a number of reptiles, including crocodiles, turtles, and snakes.

Ecosystem of Chilika Lake:

Chilika Lake is an important ecosystem. The lake provides a home for a variety of plants and animals. The lake also helps to regulate the climate and water supply in the region.

Chilika Lake ecosystem

The lake is also a major source of livelihood for the people of Odisha. The people of Odisha fish in the lake and harvest salt from the lake.

Human impact on Chilika Lake:

Human activity has had a significant impact on Chilika Lake. The lake has been polluted by agricultural runoff, industrial waste, and sewage. The lake has also been overfished.

Pollution has led to a decline in the number of fish and birds in the lake. Overfishing has also led to a decline in the number of fish.

Threats to Chilika Lake:

Chilika Lake is facing a number of threats. These threats include:

  • Pollution
  • Overfishing
  • Climate change
  • Development

Pollution from agricultural runoff, industrial waste, and sewage is a major threat to Chilika Lake. The pollution is causing the water quality to decline, which is harming the fish and birds that live in the lake.

Overfishing is another major threat to Chilika Lake. The lake is being overfished by both commercial and artisanal fishermen. This is leading to a decline in the number of fish in the lake.

Climate change is also a threat to Chilika Lake. The lake is becoming warmer, which is causing the water level to rise. This is flooding some of the islands in the lake and making it difficult for the fish and birds to find food.

Development is also a threat to Chilika Lake. The lake is surrounded by a number of towns and villages. The expansion of these towns and villages is leading to the loss of habitat for the fish and birds that live in the lake.

Tourism at Chilika Lake:

Chilika Lake is a popular tourist destination. The lake is known for its bird watching, fishing, and boating.

There are a number of tour operators that offer bird-watching tours of Chilika Lake. These tours typically take place in the early morning or late afternoon, when the birds are most active.

Chilika Lake is also a popular fishing spot. The lake is home to a variety of fish, including the Hilsa shad, the Hilsa, and the mullet.

Chilika Lake is also a popular spot for boating. Boats can be hired to explore the lake and see the different islands.

How to reach Chilika Lake:

Chilika Lake is located in the state of Odisha on the east coast of India. The nearest airport is Bhubaneswar Airport, which is about 100 kilometres from Chilika Lake.

There are a number of buses that run from Bhubaneswar to Chilika Lake. The bus journey takes about 2 hours.

There are also a number of ferries that run from Puri to Chilika Lake. The ferry journey takes about an hour.

Where to stay in Chilika Lake:

There are a number of hotels and resorts located near Chilika Lake. These hotels and resorts offer a variety of accommodation options, from budget-friendly to luxurious.

Some of the popular hotels and resorts near Chilika Lake include:

  • Chilika Lake Resort
  • Chilika Beach Resort
  • Chilika Eco Camp
  • Chilika Island Resort
  • Satpada Bird Sanctuary Resort

Things to do in Chilika Lake:

There are a number of things to do at Chilika Lake. These include:

  • Bird watching
  • Fishing
  • Boating
  • Visit the Kalijai Temple.
  • Visit the Satpada Bird Sanctuary.
  • Visit Chilika Lake National Park.

Chilika Lake is a beautiful and unique place. It is a great place to enjoy the outdoors and see a variety of wildlife.

Conclusion:

Chilika Lake is an important ecosystem that is home to a variety of plants and animals. The lake is also a major source of livelihood for the people of Odisha.

However, Chilika Lake is facing a number of threats, including pollution, overfishing, climate change, and development. It is important to take steps to protect Chilika Lake and ensure that it remains a healthy and vibrant ecosystem for future generations.

Here are some things you can do to help protect Chilika Lake:

  • Reduce your use of plastic. Plastic pollution is a major threat to Chilika Lake. When you reduce your use of plastic, you help keep the lake clean and healthy.
  • Choose sustainable seafood. When you eat seafood, choose seafood that is sustainably caught. This helps to ensure that the fish populations in Chilika Lake are not overfished.
  • Support organisations that are working to protect Chilika Lake. There are a number of organisations that are working to protect Chilika Lake. You can support these organisations by donating money or volunteering your time.

By taking these steps, you can help to protect Chilika Lake and ensure that it remains a healthy and vibrant ecosystem for future generations.

FAQs:

Where is Chilika Lake located?

Chilika Lake is located in the state of Odisha, India. It is situated on the coast of the Bay of Bengal, and is about 100 kilometers south of the state capital, Bhubaneswar.

Chilika Lake is located in which state?

Chilika Lake is located in the state of Odisha, India. It is the largest brackish water lake in Asia, and is home to a variety of flora and fauna, including over 160 species of birds.

Chilika Lake is situated in which river?

Chilika Lake is not situated in any river. It is a coastal lagoon, which means that it is a body of water that is separated from the ocean by a barrier island. The lake is fed by the Daya and Bhargavi rivers, as well as by rainwater.

1. What is the size of Chilika Lake?

Chilika Lake covers an area of over 1,100 square kilometers.

3. What is the depth of Chilika Lake?

The depth of Chilika Lake varies from 2 meters to 4 meters.

4. What are the major threats to Chilika Lake?

The major threats to Chilika Lake include pollution, overfishing, and climate change.

5. What is being done to conserve Chilika Lake?

The Indian government has taken a number of steps to conserve Chilika Lake, including the establishment of the Chilika Lake National Park and the Chilika Lake Bird Sanctuary.

What are the different types of birds found in Chilika Lake?

Chilika Lake is home to over 160 species of birds. Some of the most common birds found in the lake include flamingos, pelicans, cormorants, egrets, herons, ducks, geese, and shorebirds.

What are the different types of fish found in Chilika Lake?

Chilika Lake is home to over 100 species of fish. Some of the most common fish found in the lake include the Hilsa shad, the Hilsa, the mullet, the prawn, the crab, and the shrimp.

What are the different types of reptiles found in Chilika Lake?

Chilika Lake is home to over 20 species of reptiles. Some of the most common reptiles found in the lake include the crocodile, the turtle, and the snake.

How can I get to Chilika Lake?

The nearest airport is Bhubaneswar Airport, which is about 100 kilometres from Chilika Lake. There are a number of buses that run from Bhubaneswar to Chilika Lake. The bus journey takes about 2 hours. There are also a number of ferries that run from Puri to Chilika Lake. The ferry journey takes about an hour.

Where can I stay in Chilika Lake?

There are a number of hotels and resorts located near Chilika Lake. These hotels and resorts offer a variety of accommodation options, from budget-friendly to luxurious. Some of the popular hotels and resorts near Chilika Lake include Chilika Lake Resort, Chilika Beach Resort, Chilika Eco Camp, Chilika Island Resort, and Satpada Bird Sanctuary Resort.

What are the things to do in Chilika Lake?

There are a number of things to do at Chilika Lake. These include bird watching, fishing, boating, visiting the Kalijai Temple, visiting the Satpada Bird Sanctuary, and visiting the Chilika Lake National Park. Chilika Lake is a beautiful and unique place. It is a great place to enjoy the outdoors and see a variety of wildlife.



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